How does a pharmaceutical percolator work

Answers

Answer 1
Answer:

Final answer:

A pharmaceutical percolator is a device used to extract active compounds from plants or herbs. It works by passing a solvent through the material to dissolve the desired components. The process involves maceration, percolation, and filtration.


Explanation:

A pharmaceutical percolator is a device used in the pharmaceutical industry to extract active compounds from plants or herbs. It works on the principle of percolation, which involves passing a solvent through a solid material to dissolve the desired components. The percolation process involves three main steps:

  1. Maceration: The plant material is crushed or ground and mixed with a suitable solvent, such as ethanol or water. This mixture is then allowed to stand for a specific period, usually several hours or days, to allow the solvent to dissolve the active compounds.
  2. Percolation: The macerated mixture is then transferred to the percolator, which is a vessel with a perforated plate or bottom. The solvent is poured onto the mixture, and gravity pulls it down through the solid material, dissolving the active compounds along the way.
  3. Filtration: The liquid containing the dissolved active compounds, known as the percolate, is collected at the bottom of the percolator and filtered to remove any solid particles or impurities. The resulting solution can then be further processed or used directly in the production of pharmaceutical products.

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Related Questions

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The entropy of a substance above absolute zero will always be: a. Negativeb. Positivec. Neither Negative nor positive
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What is the volume of 45.6g of silver if the density of silver is 10.5g/mL? A. 4.34mL B. 479mL C. 0.23mL

Which equation represents the reaction of a weak acid with water

Answers

Answer:

Which equation represents the reaction of a weak acid with water?  the equation is : HCl + H2O H3O+ + Cl- HCO3– + H2O H2CO3 + OH– H2O H + + OH- HCOOH + H2O H3O+ + HCOO

Explanation:

hope it helps : )

Answer:

Hey mate, here is your answer. Hope it helps you.

HCOOH + H2O ↔ H3O+ + HCOO-

Explanation:-

A strong acid is one which completely dissociates into its corresponding ions in aqueous medium.

In contrast,  a weak will only partially dissociate such that there is an equilibrium between the dissociated ions and the undissociated acid.

In the given examples:

HCl, HCO3- and H2CO3 are all strong acids. However, HCOOH i.e. formic acid is a weak acid which dissociates in water to form H3O+ and formate ion, HCOO-

HCOOH + H2O ↔ H3O+ + HCOO-

Which of the following species is amphoteric? A)HCO32- B) HF O C) NH4+ D) P042-

Answers

Answer:

HCO_(3)^(-)

Explanation:

Chemical species which can behave as both acids and bases are known as amphoteric species.

HCO_(3)^(-) can behave as both acid and base.

HCO_(3)^(-) can donate H+:

HCO_3^(-) \rightarrow CO_3^(2-) + H^+

HCO_(3)^(-) can accept H+ as well:

HCO_3^(-) + H^+ \rightarrow H_2CO_3

HF can only behave as acid, as it can only donate H+.

HF(aq) \rightarrow H^(+)(aq) + F^(-)(aq)

NH_4^(+) is a conjugate acid of NH_3.

PO_4^(2-) is a conjugate base.

Final answer:

In chemistry, an amphoteric species can act as both a base and an acid. Among the given options, HCO3- (bicarbonate ion) is amphoteric because it can either donate or accept protons.

Explanation:

Among the provided options, the species that are amphoteric are HCO3- (bicarbonate ion). The term amphoteric refers to substances that can act both as an acid and a base. In other words, they can either donate or accept protons. Let's take HCO3- as an example. This ion can act as a base by accepting H+, forming H2CO3, or it can act as an acid by donating H+, forming CO32-. This dual behavior makes it an amphoteric species.

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Which three are advantages of asexual reproduction?A:Offspring are more likely to survive environmental changes.

B:Some offspring are more likely to survive a disease.

C:Less energy is required to reproduce.

D:The population can increase from only one parent.

E:The population can increase quickly.

Answers

C, D, and E

A and B cannot be true because asexual reproduction means the parent organism is essentially creating clones of itself, providing no variation in DNA and making all offspring vulnerable to the same environmental changes and diseases as the parent.

Answer:

sorry if I get this wrong I think it is C

Explanation:

What type of matter do alloys fall under?a) Element
b) Compound
c) Heterogeneous mixture
d) Homogeneous mixture

Answers

An alloy, a metallic substance composed of two or more elements, as either a compound or a solution is a homogeneous mixture. The correct option is d.

What is an alloy?

An alloy is a mixture of chemical elements of which at least one is a metal. Unlike chemical compounds with metallic bases, an alloy will retain all the properties of metal in the resulting material, such as electrical conductivity, ductility, opacity, and lustre, but may have properties that differ from those of pure metals, such as increased strength or hardness.

In some cases, an alloy may reduce the overall cost of the material while preserving important properties. In other cases, the mixture imparts synergistic properties to the constituent metal elements such as corrosion resistance or mechanical strength. Alloys are defined by a metallic bonding character. The alloy constituents are usually measured by mass percentage for practical applications, and in atomic fraction for basic science studies.

Alloys are usually classified as substitutional or interstitial alloys, depending on the atomic arrangement that forms the alloy.

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Answer:

An alloy is a homogeneous mixture

Explanation:

D

Calculate the relative molecular
mass of Zn (NO3)2

Answers

Answer:

Okyu

Explanation:

Mass of Zn = 65

(NO3)2 = 124

65 + (14 + 16 * 2) * 2 \n 65 + 124 \n  = 184g mol

Explanation:

Mass of Zn = 65

(NO3)2 = 124

\begin{gathered}65 + (14 + 16 \times 2) \times 2 \\ 65 + 124 \\ = 184g mol\end{gathered}

65+(14+16×2)×2

65+124

=184gmol

A chemist prepares a solution of magnesium fluoride MgF2 by measuring out 0.00598μmol of magnesium fluoride into a 50.mL volumetric flask and filling the flask to the mark with water. Calculate the concentration in /μmolL of the chemist's magnesium fluoride solution. Round your answer to 2 significant digits.

Answers

Answer:

0,12 μmol/L of MgF₂

Explanation:

Preparation of solutions is a common work in chemist's life.

In this porblem says that you measure 0,00598 μmol of MgF₂ in 50,0 mL of water and you must calculate concentration in  μmol/L

You have 0,00598 μmol but not Liters.

To obtain liters you sholud convert mL to L, knowing 1000mL are 1 L, thus:

50,0 mL (1L/1000mL) = 0,05 L of water.

Thus, concentration in  μmol/L is:

0,00598 μmol / 0,05 L = 0,12 μmol/L -The problem request answer with two significant digits-

I hope it helps!