How many lone pairs are on the central atom of BrF3?


Answer 1

According to the molecular geometry, there are two lone pairs on central atom of BrF₃.

What is molecular geometry?

Molecular geometry can be defined as a three -dimensional arrangement of atoms which constitute the molecule.It includes parameters like bond length,bond angle and torsional angles.

It influences many properties of molecules like reactivity,polarity color,magnetism .The molecular geometry can be determined by various spectroscopic methods and diffraction methods , some of which are infrared,microwave and Raman spectroscopy.

They provide information about geometry by taking into considerations the vibrational and rotational absorbance of a substance.Neutron and electron diffraction techniques provide information about the distance between nuclei and electron density.

Learn more about molecular geometry,here:


Answer 2


BrF3 has 2 lone pairs (4 unshared electrons)


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the answer is true. Trust me. Im an expert at this.

50.0ml each of 1.0M Hcl and 1.0M Naoh at room temperature (20.0c) are mixed the temperature of the resulting Nacl solutions increase to 27.5cthe density if the resulting Nacl solutuion 1.02 g/ml
the specific heat of the resulting Nacl solutions is 4.06j/gc
calculate the heat of neutralisation of hcl and naoh in kj/mol nacl products​





The neutralization reaction of HCl and NaOH is:

HCl + NaOH → NaCl + H₂O + HEAT

You can find the released heat of the reaction and heat of neutralization (Released heat per mole of reaction) using the formula:

Q = C×m×ΔT

Where Q is heat, C specific heat of the solution (4.06J/gºC), m its mass and ΔT change in temperature (27.5ºC-20.0ºC = 7.5ºC).

The mass of the solution can be finded with the volume of the solution (50.0mL of HCl solution + 50.0mL of NaOH solution = 100.0mL) and its density (1.02g/mL), thus:

100.0mL × (1.02g / mL) = 102g of solution.

Replacing, heat produced in the reaction was:

Q = C×m×ΔT

Q = 4.06J/gºC×102g×7.5ºC

Q = 3106J = 3.106kJ of heat are released.

There are 50.0mL ×1M = 50.0mmoles = 0.0500 moles of HCl and NaOH that are reacting releasing 3.106kJ of heat. That means heat of neutralization is:

3.106kJ / 0.0500mol of reaction =

62.12kJ/mol is heat of neutralization

the hydrogen gas generated when calcium metal reacts with water is collected over water at 20 degrees C. The volume of the gas is 641 mL and the pressure is 988mmHg. What is the mass in grams of the hydrogen gas obtained? The vapor pressure of water at 20 degrees C is 17.54 mmHg.


The mass of hydrogen gas obtained is 0.068 g of hydrogen gas.

The equation of the reaction is;

Ca(s) +2H2O(l) →Ca(OH)2(aq) + H2(g)

We have to obtain the number of moles of hydrogen gas produced using the information in the question.

P =  988mmHg - 17.54 mmHg = 1.28 atm

V = 641 mL or 0.641 L

T = 20 + 273 = 293 K

n = ?

R = 0.082 atmLK-1mol-1


PV = nRT

n = PV/RT

n = 1.28 atm × 0.641 L/ 0.082 atmLK-1mol-1 × 293 K

n = 0.82/24.026

n = 0.034 moles

Mass of hydrogen =  0.034 moles × 2 g/mol = 0.068 g of hydrogen gas

Learn more:


There is 0.0677 grams of H2 gas obtained


Step 1: Data given

The total pressure (988 mmHg) is the sum of the pressure of the collected hydrogen + the vapor pressure of water (17.54 mmHg).  

ptotal = p(H2)+ p(H2O)

p(H2) = ptotal - pH2O = 988 mmHg - 17.54 mmHg = 970.46 mmHg

Step 2: Calculate moles of H2 gas

Use the ideal gas law to calculate the moles of H2 gas

PV = nRT

n = PV / RT

 ⇒ with p = pressure of H2 in atm = 970.46 mmHg * (1 atm /760 mmHg) = 1.277 atm

⇒ V = volume of H2 in L = 641 mL x (1 L / 1000 mL) = 0.641 L

⇒ n = the number of moles of H2 = TO BE DETERMINED

⇒ R = the gas constant = 0.08206 L*atm/K*mol

⇒ T = the temperature = 20.0 °C = 293.15 Kelvin

n = (1.277)(0.641) / (0.08206)(298.15) = 0.0335 moles H2

Step 3: Calculate mass of H2

Mass of H2 = moles H2 ¨molar H2

0.0335 moles H2 * 2.02 g/mol H2  = 0.0677g H2

There is 0.0677 grams of H2 gas obtained

A chemist prepares a solution of magnesium fluoride MgF2 by measuring out 0.00598μmol of magnesium fluoride into a 50.mL volumetric flask and filling the flask to the mark with water. Calculate the concentration in /μmolL of the chemist's magnesium fluoride solution. Round your answer to 2 significant digits.



0,12 μmol/L of MgF₂


Preparation of solutions is a common work in chemist's life.

In this porblem says that you measure 0,00598 μmol of MgF₂ in 50,0 mL of water and you must calculate concentration in  μmol/L

You have 0,00598 μmol but not Liters.

To obtain liters you sholud convert mL to L, knowing 1000mL are 1 L, thus:

50,0 mL (1L/1000mL) = 0,05 L of water.

Thus, concentration in  μmol/L is:

0,00598 μmol / 0,05 L = 0,12 μmol/L -The problem request answer with two significant digits-

I hope it helps!

To completely neutralize a 0.325 g sample of pure aspirin, 15.50 mL of a sodium hydroxide solution is added. If 16.25 mL of the same sodium hydroxide solution must be added to an aspirin tablet sample during a titration to reach the endpoint, calculate the mass of aspirin in the tableA. 0.310 g
B. 0.288 g
C. 0.392 g
D. 0.450 g
E. 0.341 g


Answer: The correct option is E.

Explanation: The reaction between aspirin (also known as acetylsalicylic acid) and sodium hydroxide is known as acid-base titration reaction.

By applying Unitary method, we get:

15.50mL of NaOH dissolves = 0.325 g of aspirin

So, 16.25 mL of NaOH will dissolve = (0.325g)/(15.5mL)* 16.25mL = 0.341 g

Hence, the correct option is E.

The boiling point of an aqueous 1.83 m (nh4)2so4 (molar mass = 132.15 g/mol) solution is 102.5°c. determine the value of the van't hoff factor for this solute if the kb for water is 0.512°c/m. 2.7 1.8 2.3 3.0 3.6


The value of the van't Hoff factor for the given solute is 2.7

Option (A) 2.7 is correct.

What is van't Hoff factor?

The Van't Hoff factor is a measure of a solute's effect on colligative qualities such boiling point elevation, osmotic pressure, and relative vapor pressure reduction.


Molar mass is 132.15 g/mol

Boiling point elevation is 102.5 °C

kb for water is  0.512°c/m

Molarity of solution is 1.83 m

The value of van't Hoff factor is: 2.66 or 2.7 (approx)

Now, from the solution of colligative properties to calculate elevation in boiling point.

\bold{\Delta Tb = ikbm}

where Δ = elevation of boiling point (102.5)

\bold{102.5* i* 0.512 * 1.83  }

\bold{i = 2.66 = 2.7 }

Thus, The value is 2.7 option (A) is correct.

Learn more about van't Hoff factor, here:

We need to know the value of van't hoff factor.

The van't hoff factor is: 2.66 or 2.7 (approximately)

(NH₄)₂SO₄ is an ionic compound, so it dissociates in solution and produces 3 ionic species. Therefore van't hoff factor is more than one.

From the equation: ΔT_(b)=i K_(b).m, where ΔT_(b)= elevation of boiling point=102.5 - 100=2.5°C.

m=molality of solute=1.83 m (Given)

K_(b)= Ebullioscopic constant or Boiling point elevation constant= 0.512°C/m (Given)

i= Van't Hoff factor

So, 2.5= i X 0.512 X 1.83

i=(2.5)/(0.512 X 1.83)

i=2.66= 2.7 (approx.)