Store A uses the newsvendor model to manage its inventory. Demand for its product is normally distributed with a mean of 500 and a standard deviation of 300. Store A purchases the product for $10 each unit and sells each for $25. Inventory is salvaged for $5. What is its maximum profit? $12,500 $8000 $5000 $7500


Answer 1


maximum profit = 10500


The newsvendor model is a statistical model used to manage inventory and determine the appropriate amount of inventory. So first of all we determine the optimal inventory level then we use it to find maximum profit. In order to determine optimal inventory level we first have to find possible variability in demand, for that we use the critical fractile formula which is as follows:

f= cu/cu+co

cu= underage cost = price - cost = $25 -$10 = $15

co= overage cost = cost - salvage value = $10 -$5 = $5

f= 15/15+5

f= 0.75

If we look at the standard normal cumulative distribution table 0.75 is equal to z= 0.67.

Q = Mean+ (z* standard deviation)

Optimal inventory = 500 + (0.67* 300)

Optimal inventory = 701 units


Now we calculate maximum profit as follows:

maximum profit = contribution * Q

maximum profit = ($25 - $10) * 700

maximum profit = 10500

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George has been selling 5,000 T-shirts per month for $8.50. When he increased the price to $9.50, he sold only 4,000 T-shirts. Which of the following best approximates the price elasticity of demand? -2.2 -1.8 -2 -2.6 Suppose George's marginal cost is $5 per shirt. Before the price change, George's initial price markup over marginal cost was approximately . George's desired markup is . Since George's initial markup, or actual margin, was than his desired margin, raising the price was .
A firm derives revenue from two sources: goods X and Y. Annual revenues from good X and Y are $10,000 and $20,000, respectively. If the price elasticity of demand for good X is -4.0 and the cross-price elasticity of demand between Y and X is 2.0, then a 2 percent decrease in the price of X will _______.

Producers' total revenue will decrease if A. The price rises and demand is inelastic. B. income increases and the good is a normal good. C. the price rises and demand is elastic. D. income falls and the good is an inferior good.



The correct answer is letter "C": the price rises and demand is elastic.


Price elasticity of demand describes the relationship between changes in quantity demanded and prices. It is calculated by dividing the percentage change in quantity demanded by the percentage change in price. If the result is equal to or greater than 1, the demand is elastic. This means in front of relatively small changes in price, major changes in quantity demanded will occur.

Therefore, if a good or service increases in price being the product inelastic, the quantity demanded is likely to drop (demand law) implying the producers' revenue will be decreased.

The cost of an asset is $ 1 comma 050 comma 000​, and its residual value is $ 130 comma 000. Estimated useful life of the asset is ten years. Calculate depreciation for the second year using the doubleminusdecliningminusbalance method of depreciation.​ (Do not round any intermediate​ calculations, and round your final answer to the nearest​ dollar.)





Depreciation expense using the double declining method = Depreciation factor x cost of the asset

Depreciation factor = 2 x (1/useful life)

Depreciation factor = 2 x (1/10) = 0.2

depreciation expense in year 1 = 0.2 x $1,050,000 =$210,000

book value at the beginning of year 2 = $1,050,000 - $210,000 = $840,000

depreciation expense in year 2 = 0.2 x $840,000 = $168,000

TO GO! writes and manufactures murder mystery parlor games that it sells to retail stores. The following is per-unit information relating to the manufacture and sale of this product. Unit sales price $ 30 Variable cost per unit 6 Fixed costs per year 360,000 a. Determine the contribution margin ratio. b. Determine the sales volume (in dollars) required to break even. c. Determine the sales volume (in dollars) required to earn an annual operating income of $440,000. d. Determine the margin of safety (in dollars) if annual sales total 60,000 units.



Instructions are below.


Giving the following information:

Unit sales price $ 30

Variable cost per unit 6

Fixed costs per year 360,000

To calculate the contribution margin ratio, we need to use the following formula:

Contribution margin ratio= contribution margin / selling price

Contribution margin ratio= (30 - 6) / 30

Contribution margin ratio= 0.8

The break-even point in dollars formula is:

Break-even point (dollars)= fixed costs/ contribution margin ratio

Break-even point in units= 360,000 / 0.8

Break-even point in units= $450,000

Now, the desired profit is $440,00:

Break-even point (dollars)= (fixed costs + desired profit) / contribution margin ratio

Break-even point (dollars)= (360,000 + 440,000) / 0.8

Break-even point (dollars)= $1,000,000

Finally, the margin of safety:

Sales= 60,000*30= $18,000,000

Margin of safety= (current sales level - break-even point)

Margin of safety= 18,000,000 - 450,000

Margin of safety=  $17,550,000

Inflation is 14 percent. Debt is $4 trillion. The nominal deficit is $360 billion. What is the real deficit or surplus



Real Surplus is $200 billion


Inflation = 14%

Debt = $4 trillion = $4,000 billion

Nominal deficit = $360 billion

Real Deficit = Nominal deficit - (Inflation*Debt)

= $360 - 14% * 4,000

= $360 - 560

= -$200

Hence, the answer is Real Surplus of $200 billion

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Well, it depends on the product. But, I'd say, first, an idea for the product. Creating/designing and refining the product is next. Then, when finally satisfied, begin mass production


With this in mind, are accountants ethically obligated to report financial information accurately? Does reporting using the generally accepted accounting principles imply accuracy? What are some potential consequences for an external analyst if a company provides inaccurate or misleading financial statements?



1. Accountants are ethically obligated to report financial information accurately

2. Reporting using the generally accepted accounting principles underscore on accuracy

3. Loss of confidence, lack of trust on the accounting team, a huge strain on their professional judgement and ethics.


1. Financial information in itself possesses some vital characteristics. One of these is the accuracy of the financial information. As the handler of financial activities, accountants are therefore saddled and ethically obligated to present and prepare their information accurately. This is so as to reflect the true picture of the going in the organization.

2. Reporting using GAAP - Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, seeks to converge the presentation of financial reports and statements on the basis of accuracy. Thus, reliability and relevance are ultimately the foremost objectives of these principles. I therefore have no doubt its usage conveys accuracy of reports.

3. Loss of confidence - financial reports through which the external analyst worked upon are often prepared by the internal staffs. The implication of a wrong and misleading reports from the company is an erosion of confidence on the credibility, reliability and competence of company's preparers of reports.

Lack of trust - The point above ultimately impacts on the level of trust placed on the accuracy, reliability and relevance of financial reports.

Professional Judgement and Ethics - The conducts of the company in presenting a wrong report throws the analyst into an ethnical dilemma, and a huge professional strain. This is not in line with best practices.